Nonprofit Fundraising Issues - Tips
TIP #1: Ensure You Are Properly Organized and Exempt
- Ensuring the nonprofit is properly and correctly organized is critical to ensuring no personal liability to trustees/directors.
- Ensure you are using the correct Employer Identification Number (EIN).
- Ensure your organizational documents contain proper tax-exempt language.
If these steps aren’t followed, trustees/directors may have personal liability, be subject to Attorney General enforcement actions, and may have upset donors whose charitable contributions are not tax-exempt.
TIP #2: Register with the State Attorney General's Office
- Generally a $25,000 threshold annually to register.
- Other types of organizations, such as religious or school organizations are excluded, but may require official approval of their exclusion.
- This statute also governs payments to individuals or companies to conduct fundraising on the organization’s behalf.
- Violations can include both civil and criminal penalties.
TIP #3: Send Donation Acknowledgements
A donor cannot claim a deduction of $250 or more unless they have an acknowledgment containing:
- The name of the organization,
- The amount of the cash contribution,
- A description (but not value) of any non-cash contribution, and
- A statement that no goods/services were provided in return for the contribution or a statement of the good faith value of goods/services received by the donor.
The acknowledgement should also include disclaimer language, such as “deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law.” There are safe harbors for token items provided to donors (mugs, bumper stickers, pens, etc.).
TIP #4: Have a Gift Acceptance Policy
- Have a procedure for evaluating what types of property, and under what circumstances, gifts will be accepted.
- Do not sign any statement of value. This is for the donor to prove to the IRS the value of the item contributed.
TIP #5: Beware of the Differences Between Types of Funds
- Endowments provide a set stream of income from assets. The amount utilized ban be determined by the board, so long as it is within prescribed statutory range.
- Temporarily restricted funds must be used for the purpose for which they are held. Preference should be given when to board designated funds, which the restriction can be altered without other approvals.
- Unrestricted funds can be utilized for any purpose the board requires.
- Restrictions on funds can be changed, but does generally require court and/or Attorney General approval.
Author: Elliott J. Ehrenreich
Originally published in October 2018
Copyright © 2018 Knox McLaughlin Gornall & Sennett, P.C.